THE RELATHIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF CONCEPT AND SELF ESTEEM WITH PARENTAL ANXIETY LEVELS IN CARING FOR MENTAL RETARDATION CHILDREN AT SLB NEGERI KUNINGAN DISTRICT IN 2018

  • Ronny Suhada STIKes Kuningan
  • Rudi Herdiyanto STIKes Kuningan

Abstract

Data from the Department of Social and Labor Kuningan district in 2014 showed 1,742
people with mental retardation. Parents who have children with mental retardation tend to
experience negative self-concept and low self-esteem, this is due to bad stigma from the
community besides that, parents are faced with anxiety related to the condition of their
children who are still dependent. This study aims to determine the relationship between selfconcept and self-esteem with parental anxiety levels in caring for children with mental
retardation at SLB Negeri Kuningan District in 2018.
This type of research uses analytical correlation with cross sectional design. The
population in this study is parents who have children with metal retardation. Sampling was
carried out using the proportionate stratified random sampling technique which had
previously been calculated using the Slovin formula, which was 130 people. The research
data was obtained from the questionnaire, then analyzed using the chi-square test.
Univariate analysis shows that respondents experience positive self concept (56.9%)
and high self esteem (80%) then parents experience moderate anxiety (55.4%). Bivariate
analysis shows that there is a relationship between self concept and anxiety (p = 0.002) and
self steem with anxiety (p = 0.000) parents in treating children with mental retardation. There
is a meaningful relationship between self concept and self esteem with the level of anxiety of
parents in caring for children with mental retardation at SLB Negeri Kuningan District in
2018. It is expected that parents will begin to be able to accept related to their child's
condition so that parents' self concept and self esteem are well formed can reduce the anxiety
of parents in caring for children with mental retardation

Author Biography

Rudi Herdiyanto, STIKes Kuningan

Data from the Department of Social and Labor Kuningan district in 2014 showed 1,742
people with mental retardation. Parents who have children with mental retardation tend to
experience negative self-concept and low self-esteem, this is due to bad stigma from the
community besides that, parents are faced with anxiety related to the condition of their
children who are still dependent. This study aims to determine the relationship between selfconcept and self-esteem with parental anxiety levels in caring for children with mental
retardation at SLB Negeri Kuningan District in 2018.
This type of research uses analytical correlation with cross sectional design. The
population in this study is parents who have children with metal retardation. Sampling was
carried out using the proportionate stratified random sampling technique which had
previously been calculated using the Slovin formula, which was 130 people. The research
data was obtained from the questionnaire, then analyzed using the chi-square test.
Univariate analysis shows that respondents experience positive self concept (56.9%)
and high self esteem (80%) then parents experience moderate anxiety (55.4%). Bivariate
analysis shows that there is a relationship between self concept and anxiety (p = 0.002) and
self steem with anxiety (p = 0.000) parents in treating children with mental retardation. There
is a meaningful relationship between self concept and self esteem with the level of anxiety of
parents in caring for children with mental retardation at SLB Negeri Kuningan District in
2018. It is expected that parents will begin to be able to accept related to their child's
condition so that parents' self concept and self esteem are well formed can reduce the anxiety
of parents in caring for children with mental retardation

Published
2020-12-28
How to Cite
Suhada, R., & Herdiyanto, R. (2020). THE RELATHIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF CONCEPT AND SELF ESTEEM WITH PARENTAL ANXIETY LEVELS IN CARING FOR MENTAL RETARDATION CHILDREN AT SLB NEGERI KUNINGAN DISTRICT IN 2018. Journal of Public Health Innovation, 1(1). Retrieved from https://ejournal.stikku.ac.id/index.php/jphi/article/view/222