ANALYSIS OF CHARACTERISTICS OF INFANT DEATH RATE (2015-2019) IN UPTD PUSKESMAS JAPARA KUNINGAN DISTRICT, 2020
Keywords:Infant mortality, birth attendant, age, parity, education
Infant mortality is a death incident that occurs in newborns up to <1 year of age. Infant mortality is measured as the infant mortality rate, which is the number of deaths for children under 1 year of age per 1000 births. According to WHO, the infant mortality rate in Indonesia reaches 27/1000 live births. Based on the health profile of West Java, the number of infant deaths in 2017 reached 3.4 / 1000 live births. In the UPTD Puskesmas Japara there are 34 cases of infant mortality. Infant mortality is caused by several factors, including maternal age, education, birth attendants, and parity. The research objective was to determine the analysis of the characteristics of the incidence of infant mortality in 2015-2019 at the UPTD Puskesmas Japara, Kuningan Regency. The research method used was quantitative with a retrospective design, taken from secondary data 2015-2019, the population in the study was all infant deaths in the UPTD Puskesmas Japara, amounting to 34 people. Selection of a sample of 34 people using the total sampling technique. The statistical test technique uses the Chi Square test. The results showed that there was a relationship between parity (p-value = 0.006) and there was no relationship between maternal age (p-value = 0.129), education (p-value = 0.156), birth attendants (p-value = 0.781) and death. babies in 2015-2019 at UPTD Puskesmas Japara, Kuningan Regency. It can be concluded that the incidence of infant mortality occurs in some mothers with no risk age, some mothers with primary education, some mothers with multiparity parity. Suggestions for health centers are expected to increase the priority of health programs in an effort to reduce the incidence of infant mortality.